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                        太原
                         歡迎訪問德育新時空!
                        家長課堂:孩子獨立性培養的“加減乘除”
                        2019年06月15日 20:08來源:網絡轉載 閱讀量: 233

                        家長總是抱怨孩子缺乏獨立性、生活自理能力差,其實這個問題表面在孩子,根卻在家長。

                        孩子為什么依賴性強?換個角度來看,是家長剝奪孩子獨立的機會。實際上,孩子從學會走路就開始渴望獨立,對世界充滿著好奇,希望獨自探索世界的奧秘。可是我們的家長總是不放心、不放手,大包大攬,捆住了孩子的手腳,綁住了孩子的思想。

                        另一個方面我們家長望子成龍心切,想在未來的競爭中立于不敗之地,在幼兒期就開始抓知識學習,忽視生活自理能力的培養,生活上的事家長代做,孩子可以騰出更多的時間來學習。過度保護和望子成龍心切是孩子缺乏獨立性的兩大根源。

                        怎樣培養孩子獨立性呢?我以為從以下四個方面開始:

                        加法

                        家長要增加孩子動手動腦的機會,多讓孩子自己去做自己去想,多給孩子增加一些當家做主的機會。家長可以和孩子互換角色。不妨來個“小鬼當家”,讓孩子當家長,給他提供鍛煉自立的機會。穿什么、吃什么、玩什么、與誰玩、學什么,這些多讓孩子參與,盡量讓他們自主決定。在學習上,家長不要全程陪讀,要讓孩子主動學習,多提問題,多思考,而不是讓孩子等著家長的答案。

                        減法

                        家長要減少對孩子的干預,越俎代庖大包大攬只會弱化孩子的獨立性,妨礙孩子的獨立成長。孩子能做的事讓孩子自己去做,孩子能做的主讓他自己去做。孩子干不了的事情做不了的主,家長不能包辦代替,讓孩子站在臺前,自己退到幕后,家長只能當參謀當顧問,幫助孩子分析,提供建議和各種可能的方案讓自己去選擇。家長適時放手才能培養孩子的獨立人格。

                        乘法,加法的倍增

                        家長要在孩子小時指導孩子形成的生活習慣、學習習慣,在生活上養成自己事自己做的自理習慣,在學習上養成獨立思考自主學習的習慣。良好的習慣一旦形成,對以后的生活、學習起著加速發展的作用。家長還要教孩子做人做事的方法,掌握了方法就會觸類旁通,同類問題就會迎刃而解。良好的方法能加速促進孩子的獨立成長。

                        除法,著重分擔分享

                        培養孩子的獨立性并不是讓他孤立,家長并不能甩手不管漠然視之,那樣孩子即使獨立性很強,也很冷漠。家長在孩子獨立做事時,家長要主動分擔孩子的痛苦,分享孩子的快樂。如果孩子獨立做事遇到挫折時,家長不要訓斥、責罵孩子,也不要反客為主,要分擔他的痛苦,適時表達自己對孩子的關切、同情、理解,重新為他鼓起勇氣。如果孩子獨立處理好新問題時,家長要分享他的快樂,為他喝彩,為他加油!

                        [出處:北青網] 

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