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                        太原
                         歡迎訪問德育新時空!
                        家庭閱讀存在6個誤區
                        2019年06月21日 16:56來源:網絡轉載 閱讀量: 200

                        在一次給家長作的關于作文的講座上,家長們七嘴八舌討論了引導孩子閱讀和作文的各種看法和做法,提出各種疑惑。這些家長素質很高,很支持孩子課外學習,也愿意陪伴孩子,令我感動。不過,交流中我發現,他們的家庭閱讀存在6個誤區,可能也是當前家庭閱讀普遍存在的問題。

                        誤區一:只讀繪本。繪本也叫圖畫書,它適合幼兒,在早期教育中起到很好的作用,對幼兒的語言啟蒙以及行為、習慣、安全意識和美德教育等方面,也起到一定的作用。繪本的創作和出版,通常是針對學齡前兒童的。在歐美國家,繪本很少成為小學生讀物,通常是家庭親子讀物。

                        現在,很多出版社和書商大量引進繪本或做原創繪本,為了營銷,就片面夸大繪本的閱讀價值。而且繪本也很好講讀,一般人都可以順利完成繪本閱讀的任務。于是很多家長就把繪本當成家庭親子閱讀的主要材料,或只給孩子讀繪本。有些語文老師也一味要求學生讀繪本,在學校開設繪本閱讀課。其實,真正的閱讀能力,是讀文字書的能力,只讀繪本解決不了閱讀問題,容易患閱讀偏食癥。只讀繪本的孩子以后可能不習慣甚至不愛讀純文字書。

                        誤區二:只讀流行書。有些家長只給孩子讀《淘氣包馬小跳》《笑貓》《冒險小虎隊》《查理九世》等當下流行的童書,不少家長按照媒體的排行榜來給孩子買書,炒作得越熱的書,他們越喜歡買給孩子讀。

                        大家都知道,《查理九世》賣得特別火,出版社掙了很多錢,但被國家新聞出版廣電總局列為禁書了,因為它宣揚暴力、死亡,造成很多負面影響。目前流行的童書絕大部分是搞笑的,或者是故弄玄虛,以所謂“幽默故事”來抓眼球。流行書大多是同質化的書,讀得再多,也只是消遣,很難培養好的閱讀趣味和高的閱讀品位。有的流行書故事的確吸引人,但文字缺乏美和詩意,孩子只讀故事,只被情節吸引,讀得再多,也難以培養語言的敏感性,更不可能培養思考力和判斷力。

                        誤區三:只讀某一類書。有的家長只給孩子買科普書和知識讀物;有的家長覺得孩子一定要懂歷史、學知識,于是給孩子買了一堆類似《吳媽媽講中國歷史》和《林漢達歷史故事集》之類的書;有的家長喜歡哲學,給二年級的孩子買了一堆哲學書,甚至連《西方哲學史》都買來了;還有的家長只給孩子讀“四大名著”,因為將來中考、高考要考。

                        這些做法不能說完全不對,這些書也許孩子能讀懂,也愛讀,但類別單一,很難培養孩子對閱讀的興趣。其實,小學生要多讀些好的詩歌、散文、小說、童話等多種門類的童書。在讀了優秀的兒童文學作品書外,增加一些歷史、哲學的童書,可能效果更好。只讓孩子讀某一類書,通常是家長的功利性閱讀觀在起作用,不利于培養孩子的閱讀能力和對文字的信任感。

                        誤區四:一開始就讀大部頭的書。有位媽媽給剛上一年級的孩子買了“四大名著”,還問我《三國演義》和《水滸傳》哪個版本好。我對這位媽媽說:“一年級,認字有限,而且理解力有限,先別給孩子讀大部頭。等孩子到了五六年級,認字多了,理解力強了,可以適當地在寒暑假讀幾本長篇小說,甚至讀‘四大名著’。”

                        讀書要循序漸進,剛開始要給孩子讀短一點、優美一點、有趣一點的文字,等孩子愛上了閱讀,也有理解力了,他自然會愛讀那些長一些的好書。一開始就讀大部頭,很容易難住孩子,讓孩子在起步階段產生閱讀受挫感。有些孩子開始讀書時,因為爸爸媽媽買的書都是大部頭,他不能看懂和理解書里的詩意和美感,只好盯住情節讀,結果讀了很多卻沒有消化,只被故事打發了時間。

                        誤區五:跟著別人讀書。有些家長看別的家長買什么書,自己也買什么書。還有不少家長幾乎不逛書店,也很少去讀童書,一味跟著媒體和文化公司搞的排行榜書單來買書,買回來一讀,發現不怎么樣。讓孩子讀,孩子也不怎么喜歡。

                        家長也許不知道,很多書單和排行榜背后一般都有商業營銷手段,不宜一味跟著媒體和所謂的“專家”后面買書。家長還是要親自逛書店,自己學會挑書,同時和孩子一起分享閱讀。和孩子一起讀書、一起挑書,讀多了,就可以找到自己的標準,了解什么才是好的童書,家長自己也會嘗到再學習的快樂。

                        誤區六:只讀書,不思考。有些家長給孩子買書舍得花錢,給孩子買的書也挺有質量,但卻不參與或了解孩子讀書的過程。有位爸爸對我說:“譚老師,我給孩子買了幾百本書,孩子翻翻就扔一邊了,也不知道有沒有效果。”

                        家長在鼓勵孩子讀好書、養成讀書習慣的同時,還要指導孩子盡量讀懂好書,多動腦筋、多思考。我告訴這位爸爸,他應該抽時間和孩子一起讀書,并且和孩子分享讀書的體會和快樂,同時要鼓勵孩子思考。不思考、不動腦筋的讀書完全是消遣,快速而膚淺。家長要給孩子創造一個安靜的讀書環境,鼓勵孩子適當地做筆記、寫感受,多和父母交流讀書的體會。當然,家長要掌握好度,切忌要求孩子讀每本書都寫讀書筆記或讀后感,逼孩子動腦筋反而會讓孩子厭倦讀書。

                        相比這些誤區,更值得注意的是,有些家長不太在意孩子讀書的過程,有的家長壓根兒就忽視孩子的讀書,還有些家長甚至認為課外閱讀沒有什么用。孩子的精神成長需要讀書,家長要學會指導孩子讀書,引領孩子讀書,還要善于自我學習,不能等待專家開“靈丹妙藥”。

                        [出處:中國教育在線]

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